Enough of “umm, you know, like, and right”: reduce filler words for greater impact.

In every presentation skills class, at least one participant asks how to get around their tendency to use filler words. Also known as “crutches” and “disfluencies”, they are words  like “umm”, “you know,” “like”, “ I think”, and “right?”.

While there is nothing wrong with the occasional verbal filler,  especially because it can make the speaker more relatable, excessive use of fillers is usually a sign of  inexperience and nerves, and their effect can be both distracting and even irritating.

The good news is there are strategies that can help you limit your use of fillers and throw away those crutches. 

Step One

The first step is to become aware of how often you use fillers. You may be shocked at the extent to which your presentations are peppered with “ums”, “ahs” and “you knows.” So, take the plunge and ask your  colleagues, family and friends for feedback. Video or tape yourself giving a presentation and, without getting defensive or embarrassed, take a count of how many fillers you use.

So, how do you eliminate them? One way to “train” yourself is to pair your crutch words with small actions like clapping or clicking your finger. 

Step Two

The next step is to consciously substitute a pause to fill the silence where the filler used to be. It is a very human tendency to want to fill in some empty air. But you can overcome that urge if you think  of it as ending a sentence with a period as opposed to a run-on sentence. The thing to do at the end of a sentence is to  close your mouth for a brief pause. Then begin the next sentence. 

Step Three

The final and most important strategy is preparation and practice. Overuse of vocal fillers is the telltale sign of a nervous presenter. The less prepared you are, the more nervous you’ll be, which will likely cause you to speak too quickly, trip over your words, and forget what’s next. 

Embracing the pause can feel like hard work; it requires effort and intentionality, but positive change or improvement always does.